Tamil Eelam: A Church-funded political project – Shenali Waduge

Srilankan Catholic priests supporting LTTE leader Prabhakaran

Shenali Waduge “There is little doubt that the Church strategy is to turn Tamil Nadu into a Christian state. Investments made in communication networks, journalism and other mass communication, television networks, schools, buying acres of land, putting up prayer houses close to Hindu temples, establishing foreign Christian missionaries, presence of NGOs, AID agencies and financing various projects is clear evidence.” – Shenali Waduge

Church TankAbrahamic religions and the violence, expansionism and advocacy of conversion are things that cannot be kept hidden or denied. “Spreading the good word” has led to purging of territories and their wealth and excommunicating natives and their unique cultures. Current fears associated with the repetition of past colonial crimes need empathy in view of the competing claims of both Christianity and Islam for world hegemony.

The Church is Christianity’s first soldier and it is becoming more and more evident that behind most terrorists’ activities the Abrahamic religions prevail. LTTE was simply a pawn of the Church to advance a pan-Christian political agenda that aims to create a satellite Christian autonomous state out of Tamil Nadu and north Sri Lanka (a Sudan-style divide). LTTE’s demise does not mean that that ambition is over.

The Church refers to all denominations as well as Christian funding agencies, Christian NGOs, Christian Governments and countries that use evangelization and militant Christian missionaries as instruments of foreign policy in countries of Asia and Africa. Church in generic form also applies to the UN that enforces only Western Christian political principles on all, even if they infringe on Eastern cultures and values.

Pope & Skulls: The Church has killed more innocents than any other institution.Church & Colonialism: Convert and control, divide and rule

The continents of Africa and Asia were conquered by Christianity-promoting colonials. They divided the populace and converted people along communal and linguistic lines. That doctrine is vigorously advocated with competition between Abrahamic religions to convert people in Africa and Asia. Their objectives are facilitated by self-serving politicians and the manipulation of secularism and multiculturalism helped by non-Christians/non-Muslims ready to sell their souls.

Across the globe, the separatist secessionist and political insurgent movements are either backed by the Church or followers of Islamic fundamentalism. The 1991 Rwanda genocide is an example of Vatican’s role in financing the genocide.

India was divided as Aryan (Brahmin) and non-Brahmin (Dravidian) and Hindi-Tamil. In Sri Lanka, the Church divided people as Sinhalese-Tamils and infiltrated the State through Sinhala Christian/Tamil Christians to purposely segregate the majority Buddhists.

The Church uses to perfection tenets of democracy to control impoverished nations in both Africa and Asia. The strategy is simple – communities are turned against each other and they step in as referee with the solutions. Solutions are never meant to help Hindu-Buddhists or Sinhalese-Tamils actual rebuild severed ties. Thus, a paradigm shift in thinking is necessary and both Hindus and Buddhists to know the real enemy. The reality is that Buddhists and Tamil Hindus are both being systematically disempowered.

Tamil Nadu’s “Dravidian movement” meant it wanted to be led by Britain, while Christian import Samuel James Veluppillai Chelvanayakam called for a “Greater Dravida Nadu” connecting India and Sri Lanka – the exact plan of the Church! LTTE was simply a mercenary outfit given tacit approval to kill innocent people to buy time until the creation of that pan-Christian “state” with the necessary numbers of converted Christians on both sides of the Palk Strait.

LTTE leader Velupillai PrabhakaranLTTE a mere pawn

Many wonder why the West is angered that Sri Lanka has eliminated the LTTE. That anger stems from destroying their investment, dislodging the LTTE from the Eelam-Church nexus, destroying the West’s hopes of a Christian foothold in Asia that would combine a future separate Tamil Nadu and the geopolitically important nation of Sri Lanka. Now they have to use plan B of the same strategy.

We can now understand why LTTE didn’t accept the solutions offered; LTTE was merely an interim beneficiary of a greater plan. Whether Prabhakaran was aware of it or not was immaterial because he was dependent on these alliances for his own survival; his supremacy was limited to what stood within the Church agenda.

Srilankan bishops and the LTTE political head.LTTE-Church links

Most of LTTE’s top tier leaders were Christian and often hid their Christian identity with Hindu names. The cadres were almost all low-caste impoverished Hindus, most of whom would have been unaware that they were pawns of Church-sponsored terrorism via LTTE, because LTTE’s ties to the Church was one of its best kept secrets!

The names of some top-notch Christian leaders:

  • Prabhakaran aka Pirapaharan, a lapsed Methodist
  • SP Tamil Selvam
  • Balraj aka Balasegaram Kandiah
  • Pottu Amman
  • Prabhakaran’s son Charles Anthony
  • Anton Balasingham – Roman Catholic and LTTE’s self-declared “theoretician”
  • Soosai aka Thillaiyampalam Sivanesan
  • Thenmozhi Rajaratnam, nickname Dhanu, Rajiv Gandhi’s suicide bomber assassin

Church clergy openly supporting LTTE:

  • Frs. Singarayer, Diyogupillai, Prof. (Fr.) Joseph Chandrakanthan, from the Department of Theology at the University of Toronto, a former President of the University of Jaffna Teacher’s Association
  • Father Jagat Gasper Raj, close to DMK leadership in India
  • Fr. SJ Emmanuel, former Vicar-General of Jaffna, currently residing in Germany. He is on record saying he is first a Tamil and then a Christian. He called Prabhakaran ‘Jesus Christ’, the LTTE ‘soldiers of Christ’, the suicide bombers ‘martyrs of the Catholic Church’ to whom the Church provided a Catholic burial, and proclaimed himself as ‘the Moses’ who would lead the Tamil nation from the bondage of Sinhalese-Buddhists to the land chosen for them by God: Eelam. He leads the Global Tamil Forum.
  • S Jebanesan, Bishop of the Church of South India (CSI), who said he was working on a theology for Tamils, that is, excluding Sinhala Christians!
  • Prof. S Chandrakanthan, attached to the Theology Department, Toronto University, Canada
  • Rev. Dick Wootton of Uniting Church, Melbourne, Australia
  • Bishop Kenneth Fernando of the Anglican Church, visited Prabhakaran with Charles Abeysekera and Jayadeva Uyangoda and announced, “Prabhakaran is humane” shocking all
  • Rev Sr. Mary Barbara, Dr Anita Nesiah, M. Rajasigham, Joe William and T. Jayasingham of the National Peace Council
  • Rajappu Joseph, Bishop of Mannar, declared open the ‘Embassy of the Tamil Eelam’, the Eelam House in London.

M. Karunanidhi & Catholic BishopsThe Mylapore Diocese works closely with the former Tamil Nadu chief Minister while the CSI Church of South India keeps ties with the present Chief Minister. Virtually the entire Tamil clergy of India supported the LTTE, as did the Sinhala Catholic and Christian clergy and influential evangelical elites.

TN CM Jayalalithaa with Protestant and Catholic Tamil bishopsLTTE Voice of Tigers tied up with Radio Veritas, a Catholic broadcasting station run by the Asian Catholic Bishops Conference based in The Philippines. The Tamil Service of the Radio Veritas is run by the Tamil Catholics of Tamil Nadu. Voice of Tigers had a “coordinating office” inside St. Sebastian’s Church in Mallavi, Wanni; the office was opened by the pro-LTTE Bishop of Mannar Fr. Rayappu Joseph. He played a key role in getting the army out of the Madhu Church premises (in Mannar) while allowing LTTE to operate from inside the Church!

Incidentally, Jaffna Mayor and MP of the Sri Lanka Freedom Party, Alfred Duraiappa, Prabhakaran’s first assassination, had got off at the Madhu Church before proceeding to Jaffna. Many believe it was a tip off from the Church that informed Prabhakaran of Duraiappah’s arrival in Jaffna, leading to his death.

Church of South India Moderator Rev. G. DevakadashamThe National Christian Council of SL and affiliates (SL Baptist Sangamaya, Christian Reformed Church of SL, Diocese of Kurunegala of the Church of Ceylon, Diocese of Colombo of the Church of Ceylon, Methodist Church, Sri Lanka, Presbyterian Church, Jaffna Diocese of the Church of South India, The Salvation Army, YWCA of Sri Lanka, YMCA of Sri Lanka, Ceylon Bible Society, Christian Literature Society, Students Christian Movement, Commission for Justice and Peace) have been working to balkanize Sri Lanka and colluded with LTTE in tarnishing the image of the country. This is proven by the World Council of Churches promoting the concept of traditional homeland theory in 1994 at the UNHRC in Geneva.

National Peace Council was formed in 1995 with the backing of NCCSL donors, including Catholic Agency for Overseas Development, NORAD, SLIDA and a number of EU, German donor organizations.

NCCSL and supporters take great pains to deny that Sinhala Buddhists played a role in building the Sri Lankan nation. Favorite topics include “state colonization”, “Tamil homeland” “ethnic war”, “Sinhala Buddhist chauvinism”, “genocide of Tamils” etc. They have never referred to LTTE as a terrorist organization and rarely mention its atrocities. Their reports and papers end up being quoted by the West. The concept of “self-determination” is being pushed by these Church forces to facilitate creation of a Church-sponsored state.

Rev. Father Tissa Balasooriya needs special mention for his attempts to build bridges and unite people rather than disunite them.

Fr. Gaspar RajLTTE against Tamil Hindus

Tamil Hindus need to realize they were not and are not part of any Eelam being promoted in Tamil Nadu or Sri Lanka. There are enough clues for Tamil Hindus to realize this if they open their eyes and think.

a) Prabhakaran demanding a separate state before highlighting discrimination clearly indicates the end goal devoid of compromise. LTTE did not speak on behalf of Tamils discriminated in other parts of the world, which shows its lack of real concern for Tamils except to establish the separate state for the Christian West. That separate state was not meant for Tamil Hindus.

b) Why did Prabhakaran kill the entire moderate thinking Tamil Hindu leaders, politicians, academics and people respected in society? Did Prabhakaran’s actions show any evidence that he or the LTTE were interested in protecting and fostering Tamil Hindu culture? The reality is that Prabhakaran made a mockery of Hindus and Hindu culture – Hindus lost lives and property and a rift was created between Hindus and Buddhists in Sri Lanka (both followers of native Indian civilisation and religions and culturally closer than all others). LTTE ruled 90% of the Tamil Hindus through fear.

c) By breaking the rigid caste factor LTTE was helping a long term plan.

d) Why were Western nations so supportive of the LTTE quest as to allow London to be openly known as its international headquarters?

e) Can Tamil Hindus and Buddhists not see the efforts being made through pro-Christian media channels to chagrin Buddhists and Hindus?

f) Can Tamil Hindus and Buddhists not see how many pro-Christian humanitarian organizations set up over three decades actually employed non-Christians? See how economically disadvantaged the ordinary Hindus and especially Buddhists are.

India Crossed-Out: Christian missionaries meet no opposition from Hindu organisations today.Church influence on India

There is little doubt that the Church strategy is to turn Tamil Nadu into a Christian state. Investments made in communication networks, journalism and other mass communication, television networks, schools, buying acres of land, putting up prayer houses close to Hindu temples, establishing foreign Christian missionaries, presence of NGOs, AID agencies and financing various projects is clear evidence.

That is not all – the Church’s investments include using human weaknesses to plant Christians into ruling families, and generous donations that assure silence of politicians.

The Church knows how to use money – the target audience invariably includes self-serving politicians, the vulnerable, the ambitious and the greedy. Through them the damage is artfully executed.

Missionaries at work in rural IndiaThe power of the Church is such that the present Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu even repealed the anti-conversion law (in 2004) implemented by her own Government. For this she was rewarded with the Golden Star for Dignity and Honor from the International Human Rights Defense Committee, a Christian body funded by USAID. She was also awarded with the Bharath Jyothi in 2005 and evangelist KA Paul presented Rs. 1 crore for tsunami relief. In 2003, Sri Lanka’s Buddhist and Hindu leaders also drafted an anti-conversion bill, but heavy Church influence upon the Government has ensured reluctance to implement it.

Tribal protest against Christian missionaries in New Delhi 2011There are some 3000 Churches/para-churches in and around Chennai, 46 Bible colleges, 23 Christian media centers, 122 Christian magazines in English and Tamil, 114 church planting missions. The Church sponsors rallies, posters, conventions etc. Christianity is broadcast via national Doordarshan, satellite/cable channels of GOD TV, CBN, TBN, MiracleNet, Daystar TV, Raj TV, Zee TV, Vijay TV, Blessing TV, Angel TV, Shalom TV, Jeevan TV and web-based telecasts like Jesus Calls, Num.TV. These Christian channels are relayed to 216 cities across India to an audience of 21million.

The Church’s successes in India include Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and the coastal states of Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. South of Cuddalore every fishing hamlet along Tamil Nadu’s vast coastline is almost 100% Christian with the Church getting Tamil Nadu fishermen to intrude into Sri Lankan waters with a game-plan to exert pressure on both Delhi and Sri Lanka and to provoke.

Pope John Paul II with Rajiv & Sonia Gandhi in New Delhi in 1986.Church manipulates 

The strategy of the evangelists is to continuously provoke people who do not agree with their line of thinking to the point of provoking attack and thereafter accusing them of intolerance, fanaticism, and being communal. The increase of mosques/churches in Buddhist hinterland is one such example. Of course, biased coverage is backed by reports that claim religious freedom is deteriorating due to Buddhist racists in Sri Lanka!

What we see before us is the application of Dominion-ism, where Christians believe they have a god-given right to rule all earthly institutions. It is a political agenda, rather than a theological one, which is why there are Christians who do not accept this methodology. Most Christians are ignorant of these pan-Christian geo-regional plans.

Mylapore-Madras Archbishop George Antonysamy: He continues the long line of criminal bishops in San Thome.The situation in South Asia is that there is a plan to destroy Hindu control in Tamil Nadu and Buddhist control in Sri Lanka. Pro-Christian politicians and self-serving non-Christian politicians are being influenced to legally and constitutionally change provisions that place Hinduism and Buddhism at official levels. The changes recommended to the national anthem, national ID cards, suggestion to remove Sinhala/Tamil New Year, blocking anti-conversion laws etc, are ploys being used.

India’s stance on Sri Lanka after 2004 under the Italian leadership of the Congress is pertinent. Tamil Nadu politicians are acting under orders and India’s Central Government, at least the Hindu leaders, must realize the impending dangers for their country. The country’s ruling party chairperson is no friend to India.

India-Sri LankaThe dangers India faces is the gullibility of political parties in Tamil Nadu to Christian strategies and the cluelessness of the BJP in Tamil Nadu giving Church-run Congress a cakewalk to balkanize India totally, ridiculing the 82% Hindus of Bharat.

The way ahead is to revive the Hindu-Buddhist unity that the colonials purposely destroyed. For that, a strong political agenda must prevail in the Hindu leadership of India while a complimentary Buddhist scenario must prevail in Sri Lanka to save the two nations from disintegrating.

  • Tamils and Sinhalese must re-unite
  • Buddhists and Hindu’s must reunite
  • Both have no fear of converting each other and both are culturally linked

The leaderships of both nations need to realize the dangers that lurk for both nations and their people and place their own ambitions aside to ensure that two of the oldest cultures of the world doesn’t fall to ruin by the decisions they take or do not take. – Vijayavaani, 4 April 2013

» Shenali Waduge is a keen observer of contemporary affairs and a Sri Lanka national.

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20 Responses

  1. The writer is totally incorrect about the Bengali presence in Assam and how Assamese population reacted. They did not want Bengali presence in Assam, refugees or earlier settled Bengalis. There was a “Bongal kheda ” movement in Assam, they attacked Bengalis and Bengali shops.This is I am telling from my own experience.

    Christianity is nothing but a religious imperialism.

  2. indian hindus please watch & spread these videos on twitter Facebook this shows christians fooling
    indian hindus by adopting hindu customs & rituals &
    sanskrit & converting hindus in mass please watch





  3. INFLUENCE OF TAMIL cinema & Christianity

  4. influence of jesus on tamil cinema.



    angel tv(christian channel) criticizing hindu babas as if christianity r so clean.

  5. Watch this video as Congress MP says congress party would strengthen christianity in AP

  6. I dnt think anybdy can kill this religion called hinduism.its a v.serene religion.who fite for hinduism? nobdy needs to.its her literature and epics tat make hinduism perennially strong.we have rama the king who was mad abr his wife bt put duty b4 her.we have krishna who was ready to do anything to uphold dharma.dharma cannot be defeated.u can torture all u want.yet this religion vl smile at ur helplessness.let vishnu paramatma mahadeva brahma deva take care of this ppl.om namashivaya namo narayana.and for those ppl who spk of tamil.I knw tamil grammar there is a section in tholkapiyam the great book of tamil grammar which tells hw to create tamil words from sanskrit.wat created n cause of bhagavat purana in north india?it was south indian vaishnavas who were inspiration for bhavat puraana.both sanskrit and tamil are extremely beautiful sisters.

  7. Hindus and Buddhists are easy prey for evangelists. South Korea has been converted to Christian state. Many Buddhists teples are destroyed.

    What happened to Nepal. Only Hindu kingdom disappeared. Missionaries are having a field day. In north-east India Christian kingdom is established.If you try to prevent this christian activities you are doomed to death. Swami Kali Maharaj lost his life in Tripura to try to prevent this proselytisation. Same happened to Swami Laxmanandaji and his colleagues. Are the culprits caught? Evangelist Staines was killed in Odisa. He has been honoured by Sonia. No such honour for our Swamijis. Do we live in a Hindu majority country?

    Sonia govt., also made a documentary on Jesus’s visit to India. Any documantary on Swami Vivekananda on his 150th anniversary.These prosetylisers made a big and international issue on Dalits (Joh Doyal is a part of it)They are now finding caste discriminations in UK too!!!

    Follow the records of these Christians all over the world,their barbarity is beyond comparison.

  8. The people indulging in saffron terrorism try to make a split in Dravidian sect… But keep in mind we dravidians will never let you to have a single foot upon our land… We are brave tamilians… We are aware of each & everything happening around and never in search of such rubbish introspections.

    • Note the wording in this comment. It is written by a Christian Dravidian. And appropriately too as the fictitious Dravidian race was invented by the English Evangelist missionary Robert Caldwell.

    • It is you dravidian idiots who have made Tamils monotheistic. Today a mindset has been created in Tamil Nadu where they cannot co-exist with India. Thanks to influence of Christianity. Unless we do something to save the people of Tamil Nadu from the Dravidian prison, for sure we are going to create another Bangaladesh in the South. Tamil Eelam is just a mid-term plan. The long term plan is “United Tamil Nation” which will include Eelam and TamilNadu together. Will India wake up?

  9. many people think JOHN DAYAL is bogus too & an agent of church.

  10. A brilliant study. some may recall that I had written an article along similar lines for Eternal India but without the wealth of detail that the author has provided.

    The Vatican believes that with the collapse of Christianity in Europe, and the expansion of Islam there, making India substantially if not entirely Christian is vital for its survival. Christians have neither the will power nor the manpower to fight encroaching Islam in its European home. Christianity lost Jerusalem in the first millennium and Constantinople in the second. Its leaders fear it will be Rome’s turn next, in the third millennium.

    Even if they succeed in turning India into a Christian state, it will not save Christianity. As I pointed out in a little book we published–Conversion, Assault on Truth, the effect of Christianization is to destroy culture and destruction of the Kshatriya (warrior) spirit. It is this Kshatriya spirit that will be eliminated if India becomes a Christian state.

    Just look at Latin AMerica and the Philippines. Their native cultures have been destroyed by centuries of Christian rule. Contrast them to the U.S., Canada and Australia that have secular constitutions. What christian agents are doing in India is trying to advance Christian interests in the guise of ‘Secularism’, while using Muslims as their front line. This will backfire, but it may be too late. The Hindus by then may have been too weakened to protect the effete Christian leadership. (Can one imagine their favorite leader Rahul Gandhi protecting the threatened Christians?)

    The Philippines is a particularly interesting example. Before it became a Spanish colony it was culturally as rich as Thailand, Cambodia and Indonesia. Today, it is a cultural desert–little more than a brothel of the Far East. (Goa is not much better. Only time we hear about it is in connection with some atrocity or scam. The most noteworthy episode in its colonial history was the Goa Inquisition.)

    LTTE is an example of what a Brown Christian state is likely to be–like Mameluke (slave) dynasties that overthrew their masters but became more ruthless and unscrupulous tyrants.

    • What bogus scholarship is this.

      Are you aware most Lankan Tamils are Hindus and the Sinhala-Buddhist army bombed and destroyed temples in the north?

      Are you aware of Sinhala-Buddhist chauvinism?

      Are you a ware that the main forces correctly supporting the Lanka Tamils are the Dravidian parties, mostly practising Hindus.

      Are you aware of what has happened to the local culture in Manipur since it became Vaishnav?

      Are you aware of the death of languages under sanskritisation?

      • This is pure missionary rhetoric–especially Vaishnavism damaging Manipur culture.

        Write an article in support of your arguments.

        • NSR – It would appropriate for you to come up with such an article. Today in TamilNadu if someone talks about Islamic invasion, the immediate counter argument would be to point out that the Hindus did the same to Buddhists and Jains earlier. So ultimately they are saying that we Hindus don’t have the right to talk about Islamic invasion. Secondly another argument the atheists make is that the Hindus themselves were disunited and it was only the British who united them for administrative purposes during colonization. In short they are claiming that the Hindu identity itself is bogus. There are several such arguments made in Tamil TV Channels day in and day out. I only wish you understood Tamil to counter these idiots. Unless the Hindus of TamilNadu wake up nobody can save it from becoming a Christian state.

        • What are the answers for these questions?

          Dont jump to last at first…

          First you have to provide evidences of your myths..

          We all came across “Kill by the conspiracy of silence” and escapism already. dont try to reinvent the wheel

          Are you aware most Lankan Tamils are Hindus and the Sinhala-Buddhist army bombed and destroyed temples in the north?

          Are you aware of Sinhala-Buddhist chauvinism?

          Are you a ware that the main forces correctly supporting the Lanka Tamils are the Dravidian parties, mostly practising Hindus.

          • Yes, those of us who have read Indian history and the horrific story of the Christian Church down through the ages, are very much aware of the criminal relationship between the Church and the so-called Dravidian race in Tamil Nadu and Srilanka.

            Asking questions instead of honestly reviewing this mafia-style relationship just makes you into another agent provocateur like John Dayal.

            And we can ask questions too:

            Are you aware that Indian Tamils despise Srilankan Tamils especially the Tamils brought into the tea plantations by the British (who are different from the Jaffna Tamils)?

            Are you aware that the dialect of Srilankan Tamils is quite different from the Tamil spoken in Tamil Nadu? A ‘real’ Tamilian doesn’t consider Srilankan Tamil to be Tamil at all!

            Are you aware that the LTTE destroyed Hindu temples with impunity but spared the Christian churches?

            Of course there were Tamil cadre within the LTTE ranks. Srilankan Tamil Hindus, most of them poor and uninformed about the Christian-Dravidian political agenda, hardly had a choice. They were caught between a rock and a hard place. That has been correctly referenced in this article.

            Are you aware that we are very much aware of Srilankan Buddhist chauvinism and the ill-treatment of Tamils in Srilanka? This does not change the political and financial relationship between the LTTE and the Church.

            Dravidian parties in Tamil Nadu don’t give a damn about Srilankan Tamils. They are just doing exploitive politics.

            Isn’t it time you became aware that we are aware of the nonsense value of your questions? And John Dayal’s questions too!

            Shenali Waduge has written a brilliant, well-researched article. She has named names and filled in all the blanks. She is to be commended for her work.

      • Dayalsahib, this was posted in the orginal web site of this article.

        Now dont say this is wrong info.

        http://faculty.vassar.edu/tilongma/Church&Genocide.html

        Conclusions of the above article

        Given the facts that I have presented, it should be clear that the failings of the Rwandan churches during the genocide were not the result of a few corrupt individuals but rather were deeply rooted in the very nature of Christianity in Rwanda. The manner in which Christianity was implanted in Rwanda and the policies and ideas promoted by missionaries began a transformation of Rwandan society that ultimately made genocide possible. After independence, the churches stood as important centers of social, economic, and political power, but rather than using their power to support the rights of the population, the churches were integrated into wider structures of power that allowed wealth and privilege to become concentrated in the hands of a select few. The churches as institutions worked with the state to preserve existing configurations of power in the face of increased public pressure for reform, ultimately culminating in the strategy of genocide. While never publicly endorsing genocide, the churches nevertheless are complicit because they helped to create and maintain the authoritarian and divided society that made genocide possible and because the entanglement of the churches with the state made the churches partners in state policy. People could thus kill their fellow Christians on church property and believe that their actions were consistent with church teachings. The complicity of the churches in the genocide is not merely a failing of Christianity in Rwanda, but of world Christianity as it has established itself in Africa, and it should lead people of faith throughout the world to question the nature of religious institutions and the ways in which they exercise their power.

        From Christian Churches and Genocide in Rwanda
        Revision of paper originally prepared for Conference on
        Genocide, Religion, and Modernity, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

        Timothy Longman
        Vassar College
        May 11-13, 1997

        Just type Avro Manhaattan and then you will get all his works about the Vatican.

        Then here is Prof David Kertzer of Brown University

        This is an excellent book and reveals how Italy became secular.

        http://www.davidkertzer.com/books/kidnapping_of_edgardo_mortara.html

        http://www.davidkertzer.com/books/popes_against_the_jews.html

        This is a groundbreaking work which was locked in Vatican archives.

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