Interview with Netaji’s daughter Anita Bose Pfaff – Shyam Bhatia

Anita Bose Pfaff“My father Netaji was allowed to take along one person with him on the plane journey, a man called Habib ur Rahman, who later went to live in Pakistan. He maintained up to his death that the plane crash took place; that my father was killed and he was a witness to that. Some people said there were inconsistencies in this evidence and that if he asked Habib ur Rahman to spread the story of his death, he would do it.” – Prof. Anita Bose Pfaff

Subhas Chandra Bose with his wife Emilie Schenkl

Introduction

Subhas Chandra Bose — or ‘Netaji’ as he is known to millions of Indians — was one of the most charismatic and dynamic leaders of India’s independence movement, and the issue of how the country would have fared with him at the helm is one that tantalises historians to this day.

In truth by 1939 when Netaji was elected president of the Indian National Congress party for the second time, over the objections of M K Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru was being groomed as the Mahatma’s chosen successor.

Had Netaji lived, his Forward Bloc party may have posed a continuing challenge to the Congress party under Nehru and after independence the two rivals would almost certainly have gone their ways.

Azad Hind FlagAt the very least with Netaji alive, India’s experience of multi-party politics, in which the Congress party was the only dominant political force for the first 30 years after Independence, would have started much earlier.

In the pre-Independence era both Netaji and Nehru were identified with the Left wing of the Congress party, well to the Left of other respected freedom fighters as Chakravarti Rajagopalachari, Vallabhbhai Patel and Rajendra Prasad.

But where Netaji parted company with Nehru and Gandhi was his strongly held conviction, which he voiced from 1939 onwards, that armed resistance was a perfectly legitimate tactic for India to use in the struggle for its independence.

It was this belief — the British would only yield to force — that led him to seek help from the Axis powers during World War II. He met Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini and was befriended by their Japanese allies in the lead-up to the Azad Hind Postage Stampsformation of the Provisional Government of Free India that was recognised by the Axis powers and their Southeast Asian allies on October 21, 1943.

During his stay in Berlin in 1943, Netaji founded the Free India Center and the Azad Hind Radio station. It was also in Berlin that the foundation was laid for what later became known as the Indian National Army or INA.

Indian prisoners of war captured in North Africa by Field Marshal Erwin Rommel’s Afrika Korps were released into Netaji’s custody and went on to form the India Legion that fought against Allied forces on the Western front.

The idea taken up by the Japanese high command led to the release of some 30,000 Indian prisoners of war in South-east Asia. The resulting INA force travelled as far as Kohima, now in Nagaland in northeast India, in 1944. Then, as the tide started to turn against the Axis forces, the INA was forced to retreat into the jungles of Burma.

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose & Sudhir Chandra BoseNetaji was born on January 23, 1897 in Cuttack, Orissa, one of the 14 children of a successful lawyer, Janakinath Bose, and his wife, Prabhavati Devi. A graduate of Kolkata’s Presidency College, he was subsequently sent by his father to England to prepare for entry into the prestigious Indian Civil Service.

Although he passed his ICS exam with flying colors, Netaji’s heart was in politics. Strongly influenced by Gandhi, Chittaranjan Das and the teachings of Swami Vivekananda, he joined the Indian National Congress and was jailed 11 times by the British between 1920 and 1941.

Like many Indians of his generation the turning point in Netaji’s political education was the Jallianwalla Bagh massacre of April 1919 when hundreds of unarmed Indian civilians were shot dead at point-blank range on the orders of a British general.

Unlike Gandhi who formulated his peaceful non co-operation movement as the preferred strategy for evicting the British from India, Netaji was increasingly of the view that a more direct and militant approach was required before India could gain its freedom.

Convinced that his enemy’s enemy was India’s natural ally, he escaped from house arrest in 1941 and made his way to the Afghan capital of Kabul. From there, assisted by German diplomats he travelled under an assumed name, Signor Orlando Mazzitto, to Samarkand, Moscow and eventually Berlin.

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose with Adolf HitlerBritish analysts have vilified his subsequent meetings with Hitler, Mussolini and the Japanese government as evidence of Netaji’s so-called fascist leanings. Quite the opposite was true. A Left wing activist to the end of his days, he held no brief for Hitler and Mussolini’s racist and fascist ideologies and viewed his relationship with them purely in the context of India’s freedom struggle.

Although he failed to win Hitler’s unqualified endorsement for a free and independent Indian state, Netaji secured the freedom of Indian prisoners of war in German custody. The story of how some Germans and Indians subsequently fought side by side in the India Legion against British forces on the Western front has remained one of the best kept secrets of the Second World War.

Netaji died in a plane crash on the island of Taiwan in August 1945. At the time US troops were only two days away from occupying Japan and Netaji, on his way from Saigon to Tokyo, was trying to make contact with remnants of the Imperial Japanese government. What remained of the INA had started to disintegrate after Germany’s surrender in April 1945, followed soon after by Japan’s. Netaji’s death accelerated the process.

Raja Habib ur Rahman KhanAnxious to reassert their control over India the British attempted to try Netaji’s senior commanding officers for treason. But the trial of commanders like Shah Nawaz Khan, Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon and Prem Sehgal in Delhi’s Red Fort soon collapsed and a general amnesty for all INA soldiers was declared.

In life as in death Netaji acquired a cult following among millions of Indians who saw him as an authentic hero and the only political leader with the necessary legitimacy to lead India following the departure of the British. For years after his death stories continued to circulate about how he had gone into hiding and was only biding his time before he reappeared to claim his rightful place as head of a free Indian state.

Critics have questioned his belief in a more authoritarian system of government for the sake of India’s development, but even they concede that his views on workers and women’s rights and population control were considered far ahead of their time and are still relevant today. How India would have developed with Netaji in charge remains one of the great ‘What Ifs’ of 20th century history and politics.

Bose's daughter Anita with her mother Emilie Schenkl.Anita Bose Pfaff, Netaji’s only child, was born in Vienna, her mother’s city, which her father visited in 1934 for medical treatment. During his stay Netaji asked an Indian friend to locate an English-speaking secretary to help him with a book he was planning to write.

The friend, who ran an English conversation course, introduced him to Emilie Schenkl in June 1934. Emilie was the daughter of a prominent veterinary surgeon. They soon fell in love and married in December 1937 in Bad Gastein. Anita, who was born in 1942, is married to Professor Martin Pfaff, formerly a Green Party member of the Bundestag, the German parliament. They have three children: Peter Arun, Thomas Krishna and Maya Carina.


Anita Bose PfaffThe Rediff Interview with Anita Pfaff

• How old were you when your father saw you last?

• I was only four weeks old when he saw me last. I was born in 1942 and he left Germany by submarine for Southeast Asia in early 1943. So he saw me when I was very little. When he most likely died in an air-crash in what is now Taiwan — in August 1945 — I was about two and three-quarters [years old].

 How did your parents meet?

• It was in 1934 when my father was in Vienna to seek medical treatment (he had been in jail in Mandalay, Burma, because of his struggle for India’s independence). He was sick and getting quite weak and was released on condition that he would leave the country to get medical treatment.

Vienna at that time was quite a famous centre for medicine. So he came there during the period when he had his treatment. At the same time he was working on a book. He looked for a secretary to type his manuscripts and approached an Indian student to ask if he knew a lady who might do this for him.

The student was running a discussion course in which my mother was a member. So he recommended her and this is how they met.

• After that, was your father in and out of Europe between 1934 and 1943?

• You could extend that period that far; in and out during the 1930s. Then he had more extensive stays in India. First of all, he was Congress (party) president in 1938 and got re-elected in 1939 against the wishes of Mahatma Gandhi who had set up another candidate. After that, the Second World War started in Europe and during that period there was not that much travelling back and forth.

In 1941 my father returned to Germany by an adventurous route. He had been interned at home in Kolkata (by the British) but made an escape from there, travelling in disguise as a Pathan from northern India to the North West Frontier Province (now in Pakistan), and up to Kabul. There he had the support of the German and Italian embassies to give him an Italian passport. Accompanied by a German diplomat he travelled across the Soviet Union, which had not entered the war and allowed him to pass through to Berlin.

• What do you know of your father’s role in forming the Indian National Army that fought the British?

• Actually, the INA had existed before his reaching Southeast Asia, but it had not picked up so well. One of the persons actively involved in it — Rash Behari Bose — wanted my father to take over. Rash Behari had lived in the region for some time and was married to a Japanese lady.

The INA wasn’t just made up of former prisoners of war released by the Japanese. There were also many Indian plantation workers in Malaya who joined up; some of the recruits were prisoners of war and the Japanese handed them over to the INA. Quite a few joined up because they wanted to do something for their country.

What was unusual for those days was that the INA had a women’s corps. My father was quite modern in his views and he had always felt that India had under-utilised resources. One was women and the other was the downtrodden, the workers, who were not recognised as a human resource.

So the INA had a women’s corps of 1,000 women; its commander was Dr (later Colonel) Lakshmi Sehgal. At that time she was Dr Swaminathan from south India who had gone to Southeast Asia. She is still alive. In fact, she was one of the contenders for the Presidency of India (Colonel Sehgal was the Communist parties’ candidate for President against A P J Abdul Kalam in July 2002. She lost the election).

 The INA then saw action on the Burma Front.

• The INA reached Indian soil in what is now called the Northeast provinces. There was a battle of Kohima and Imphal where they were defeated (by the British) and had to retreat. Quite a few died. Politically they were more successful as subsequently released documents have shown.

In post-Independent India the INA’s role was played down. The official evaluation was that its activities had little effect. Militarily speaking that was true because the army was not that well equipped, but the British made a great political mistake by putting three INA officers on trial at the Red Fort (in Delhi), expecting that people would look down on them as traitors. The opposite happened and the trial publicized the efforts of the INA, which had previously been censored.

Until the trial little had been known of the INA or the Government of India in exile in 1943 when they tried to send food to Bengal during the Great Famine. All of a sudden this trial made everything known and it revived the struggle for independence in India, which had been lagging because the leadership of the Congress party and other groups mostly had been imprisoned. Their efforts like the Quit India Movement had not been successful and so this gave a new dawn to the movement.

As a consequence of the INA’s efforts, large numbers within the British Indian Army — which was not just British but for the most part Indian — became unreliable. There was a mutiny in Bombay (by the Royal Indian Navy), which showed the armed forces could not be depended on. The administrative system was what had controlled India and with the army unreliable the British realised India could not be held as a colony any more. This led to the transfer of power. It was meant to have taken place a few months later, but it was brought forward to August 1947.

You could therefore say the INA had this effect of destabilising the British hold on the Indian army and reviving the independence movement within India.

• The INA certainly has its place in Indian history.

• When the first few INA soldiers returned to India they were treated as heroes, but I must say in the later stages India has not treated them very well. The INA veterans were not recognised as army veterans and for a very long time they were not even recognised as freedom fighters, which meant that certain benefits such as a pension and free rail travel were denied to them. Many members of the INA were reduced to poverty and some of them died in hunger. These were simple people and could not find their way that easily in the country to which they returned.

India has not behaved towards this group in an honourable or fair way.

• How often have you visited India?

• Oh, 12 or 15 times, starting in the 1960s. I first visited (India) in 1960-1961 and during that stay Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru invited me to stay with him for some time, which I did for about a week. We talked about my father, about other things in India. It was a long time ago and I don’t remember what it was all about.

• What would India have been like if your father had been prime minister?

• It is conceivable that at an earlier stage there would have been a bipartisan system or a multi-party system in India. As it was, the Congress party ruled India from 1947 to the late 1970s. For a spell there was a Janata Party movement, but that was an alliance of parties welded in a very short period of time with rather diverse interests. It did not retain power for very long and the Congress returned (to power).

The forces favoured everyone flocking to the Congress party, which had positive and negative consequences. The positive side is it created a period of stability. On the other hand, if you have a political system that is democratic, then if you have one party that is very dominant this is not in favour of strengthening democracy.

The competition for better ideas is a useful thing in a democratic system. A system dominated by one party tends to become sluggish and also corrupt.

If my father had been there, there would have been dissenting opinions, a rallying point for alternative forces. Nehru — if you look at him as the leading figure of post-Independent India — used to be part of the Left wing of the Congress. So was my father.

Both would have come with a Left-wing approach. In spite of this India at the national level did not have a very Left-wing party. There is no Social Democratic Party, there is no Socialist Party. There are Communist parties in India who might be regionally strong, as in Bengal and Kerala, but there are no socialist parties that are strong at the center like you have in Europe. My father and Nehru might have posed alternatives, but on the Left wing. Whether this would have strengthened the system, it depends.

Some things my father recognised very early may have been brought to the forefront if he had been there.

• Could you give us some examples?

• For example, even in the 1930s he recognised that population expansion would pose a problem in India. Education as one of the key necessities of the country was one he recognized. He would have pushed very strongly in the direction of spreading education and improving education. Whether he could have abolished illiteracy totally now, one can only speculate. He would have been a very strong proponent of that.

He would have been one to strongly advocate the active participation of women. Of course, India today is a very heterogeneous country with regard to that.

On the one hand you have a country that was one of the first to have a woman as a prime minister. On the other hand in many areas of social life women are downtrodden. You still have wife burning and abuse of women. My father certainly would have been one to stand up for women’s rights.

• Why did Mahatma Gandhi not support him?

• In some ways they were of (the same) opinion. In other ways they were not. In the 1930s Gandhi clearly worked against him. Very often Gandhi is portrayed as a saint, which he was not at all. In my opinion he was a very shrewd politician. He was a lawyer who really knew how to work the system and manipulate people in a positive sense. He certainly made my father resign as Congress president.

My father respected him very highly in spite of that and was always anxious to hear Gandhi’s reaction to what he did and what he said. It was my father who called Gandhi ‘Father of the Nation.’

The INA slogan ‘Jai Hind‘ is still the greeting used in the Indian Army today; my father picked the Indian national anthem. It was first played in Hamburg at a gathering. So there are still a few symbolic remains from his activities in India which people tend to forget.

Gandhi and my father were of the same opinion regarding the partitioning of the country. Both of them were dead set against it and in some context my father said, “The British will try to partition the country.” He and Gandhi were very much against this.

• What do you know of how your father died?

• It seems quite plausible that he was killed in a plane crash in what is now Taiwan at the end of the Second World War. In Europe the war ended in May 1945; in Southeast Asia it only ended in August. The Americans tried to end the war faster by bombing Hiroshima and Nagasaki with a nuclear bomb.

At that time when the Japanese decided to capitulate he was on his way to Tokyo. At that time planes could not cover very long distances, so he flew from Saigon to Taiwan — where he had a stopover — and then took off from Taiwan. The plane caught fire. He was injured and died as a consequence. This was August 18, 1945.

Subhas Chandra Bose Memorial in the Renkoji TempleLater he was cremated and his remains were taken to Tokyo and placed in a temple there. The idea was that his Japanese associates would keep his remains for a few months until they were transferred to India. This has never happened for the simple reason that there were a number of people who did not believe my father had died in that plane crash.

There were all sorts of stories that he had shown up as a sanyasi in some part of the Himalayas, that he was a prisoner of war in Russia. The only story that is consistent and is backed up by eyewitnesses is the plane crash.

My father was allowed to take along one person with him on this journey, a man called Habib ur Rahman, who later went to live in Pakistan. He maintained up to his death that the plane crash took place; that my father was killed and he was a witness to that. Some people said there were inconsistencies in this evidence and that if he asked Habib ur Rahman to spread the story of his death, he would do it.

It makes sense until independence, but as nothing was heard from my father after independence, Habibur Rahman would not have been bound by any such commitment.

• Could British agents have sabotaged your father’s plane?

• I doubt it. This was after capitulation. One day after this happened the Americans moved into Taiwan. If anyone sabotaged it would be more [likely the] Americans than the British at the time. I very much doubt it because it would have been a question of trying to infiltrate at the end of the Second World War when it was clear that Japan was going to capitulate.

It does not make a lot of sense. It would have been a question of spite, maybe, or trying to remove someone who would have been a pain in the neck for the British, but I doubt it.

The Japanese feel rather strange about the whole situation. They feel it is a matter of honour that India should take the remains of one of their greatest independence fighters back to India.

Gandhi and my father were not tainted by corruption. They were not tainted by things people did not like. So some people in India now say, “If they were alive, things would be different.” This is an emotional reaction. – Rediff.com, May 11-13, 2005

» Shyam Bhatia is an author and journalist. He won the British International Journalist of the Year award in 1994.

23 Responses

  1. Did the Nehru govt snoop on Netaji’s letter mentioning an ‘illegitimate child’? – FP Staff – First Post, 16 October 2015

    So you thought the government might have snooped on Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose only because it was concerned about his political influence or because of the Indian National Army? Turns out, these were not the only things that the government was interested in. According to a DNA report, documents reveal that the government had even intercepted a letter which was thought to be about an ‘illegitimate child’ of Subhash Chandra Bose.

    The letter was reportedly written by London-based A C N Nambiar to Amiya Bose, Netaji’s nephew, who lived in Kolkata. According to the DNA report, the Nehru government shared this report with Britain, after which the latter country came up with its own report, in which it was said to have noted that there was little doubt that the letter ‘is referring to the existence of an illegitimate daughter born to Subhash Chandra Bose…by the latter (Bose)’s companion and secretary Emily Schenkel.

    Claims about Netaji Bose’s marriage with Emily Schenkel, too have been a subject of controversy in the past. India Today reported that in 2009, a public interest litigation was filed, saying that allegations about the marriage were being made to ‘discredit him.’

    This comes even as the West Bengal government last month declassified 64 secret files relating to Bose. The files have been kept in their original form at the Kolkata Police Museum. At the time, Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee had said that the mystery surrounding his disappearance need to be put to rest.

    At the time of announcing that the files would be made public, Banerjee had said that there had been a long-standing demand for the declassification of the documents and the government did not feel that ‘there is anything related to internal security in the files.’

    While several documents have been made public by the West Bengal government, the report about Bose ‘illegitimate child’ was based on letters with the National Archives in India and declassified intelligence files. However, it gives an indication of the kind of information on surveillance carried out on Bose which could be brought to light

  2. Surya Kumar Bose & Narendra Modi

    UK govt seeks more time for decision on declassifying Netaji files – PTI – Hindustan Times – New Delhi – Oct 04, 2015

    The UK has sought more time to decide whether to declassify the secret files in its possession on Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, his family said on Sunday.

    Bose’s family had recently approached British authorities demanding making public all the files relating to his sudden disappearance in 1945.

    “My sister Madhuri Bose has approached the government of UK. She has already received several responses admitting that there were files on Subhash Bose but they would require more time to take a decision about the declassification,” Netaji’s grandnephew Surya Kumar Bose told PTI.

    Surya, who had met Prime Minister Narendra Modi during his visit to Berlin in April, said the Bose family will also keep asking the governments of the USA, Russia and Japan to open up the files they have on Netaji.

    “In post-war India, Subhash Chandra Bose was a threat to Nehru and Patel. Hence the classified files on Subhash are of immense importance,” he said.

    Complimenting West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee for declassifying over 60 files relating to Bose, he said it was time for the Centre to unravel the mystery and make public the information relating to Netaji.

    “We do not know if all the files were opened up or some were eaten up by moths or bureaucrats. This move will certainly put pressure on the Prime Minister to open up his Pandora’s box! But it would be very much more difficult for Narendra Modiji to open up all the classified Bose files,” said Surya from Berlin.

    Sixty four files running into nearly 13,000 pages relating Bose were declassified last month by the West Bengal government. The files showed some of his close family members were spied on in independent India but there was no clarity whether he died in an air crash in 1945 as is widely believed.

    “I think Mamata Banerjee has taken a very good and welcome step in declassifying all the files in the custody of the West Bengal government. There may have been political motivation behind this very bold move but we must give her credit for doing so,” said Surya.
    He said Bose family will not sit quiet till the Centre declassified all the files relating to Netaji.

    “We shall continue the movement till sufficient pressure has been built up for the Centre to comply with our demand and the demand of the people of India,” he said.

    Asked when the family approached the British authorities, he did not specify but indicated it was done recently.

    Toeing the line adopted by the previous UPA government, Prime Minister Modi’s Office in February had refused to declassify the files relating to Bose.

    The PMO had in August told the Central Information Commission that it cannot declassify the files as it will adversely affect relations with foreign countries.

    Netaji had gone missing in 1945 and some of his family members have rejected the theory that he had died in a plane crash in Taihoku in Taiwan on August 18 that year.

  3. Anita Bose Pfaff

    Netaji’s daughter urges Modi to declassify files – PTI – The Hindu – 27 September 2015

    Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose’s daughter has appealed to Prime Minister Narendra Modi to declassify files relating to the leader that are with the Centre so that the mystery surrounding his disappearance over 70 years ago is unravelled.

    On the recent release of 64 secret files on Netaji by the West Bengal government, 72-year-old Anita Bose Pfaff said she was yet to receive copies of the documents. “I am, therefore, not aware of their content, especially not of any information about his death.”

    She also said, “I would appeal to Prime Minister Narendra Modi to declassify the files that are with the Centre.”

    “As a scholar, I certainly believe that all the old files which have been kept closed beyond thirty years should be declassified. As a daughter, I certainly also demand that those on my father be declassified,” Ms. Anita said in an email interview with PTI, joining the growing chorus for release of the Netaji files held by central government departments.

    Members of the Bose family, West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee and many others have been demanding declassification of the Netaji files by the Centre.

    Asked whether she would appeal to the British, Russian and Japan governments to declassify the files they have on Netaji, Ms. Anita said, “It would be helpful, if the Indian government appealed to those other governments to make files available for study. Some countries have a ‘right to information’ However, as long as the Indian government has not declassified their files, they are in a poor position to ask others.”

    Ms. Anita, a noted economist based in Germany, also demanded that DNA test of the ashes — believed to be that of Netaji — kept at Japan’s Renkoji temple be carried out in order to settle the mystery surrounding his death in an air crash.

    Noting that she believed her father died in the air crash in Taihoku airport in Taiwan in August in 1945 “until proved otherwise”, she said the ashes hold key to unravelling the mystery.

    “I certainly would like the ‘mystery’ settled. An agreement between Indian and Japanese governments to a DNA-test of the remains at Renkoji temple would certainly be helpful,” she said.

    “Moreover I wish the Indian public would concern themselves more with his life and his achievements from which there is much to be learned than with his death!” she said.

    She alleged that successive Congress governments had neglected the contributions made by Bose and his Indian National Army (INA).

    “The Congress governments have by and large neglected Netaji and INA’s contributions. The (Mukherjee) Commission did get a lot of time, some resources, though seems to have gotten little support,” Ms. Anita said.

  4. I am realy sorry when i feel that the real heros are not lead the independent india where my country is in hand who are selfish , uneducated , traitors like JL NEHERU & MK GANDHI..

  5. my self rajjak sheikh i am all india forward block i am district president chandrapur distrti we are arranging the program so i request you to come as a cheif quest i will comform the date of program and tell you -regards-rajjak sheikh-cont-no-9850001247

  6. JAI SUBHAS……………JAI HIND
    ” GREAT SUBHAS IS THE REAL GOD FATHER & NATURAL GEOPOLITICAL POWER ”
    ARZI HUKOOMAT-E-AZADHIND (provisional Government of India) IS THE ONLY LEGALISE GOVERNMENT OF THE WORLD,
    In 1 Dec.1915 Founded by PRESIDENT,RAJA MAHENDRA PRATAP MURSAN STATE ,Than 21th 1943 re-established by NETA JI SUBHAS CHANDRA BOS EMPEROR & RULER ( head of Nation )
    The Provisional Government of Free India(Azadhind) with Azadhind Bank Currency(972mg Gold Price = 1 Rs.) Mostly needs to LEGALISE FREEDOM & ECONOMIC JUSTICE FOR EVERYONE (Global Agreement on Peace & Progress)
    Headquarter :
    THE AZADHIND GOVERNMENT
    (National Movement),
    Jawahar Bag,Mathura-281001,United Provinces(UP)-India (+91)

  7. JAI HIND…………….JAI SUBHAS
    THE RISSING OF AZADHIND EMPIRE
    THE FORCE READY FOR FLAGING ON REDFORT DILLI MARCH ROAD TO FREEDOM. COMING SOON “THE HOLY ROMAN EMPEROR” will giving LEGALISE FREEDOM & ECONOMIC JUSTICE According to The Rule of Law(The Roads to Rome)
    M: 09084779262,09651544348
    THE GOVERNMENT OF AZADHIND
    ( A Sovereign Governing Power)
    JawaharBag, United Province of India-281001-Bhaarat (+91)

  8. JAI HIND—–JAI SUBHAS
    NETAJI SUBHAS CHANDRA BOSE IS THE GREATEST EMPEROR & RULER OF OUR COUNTRY.Azad Hind Bank Currency is our currency(1 Rupee=972mg Gold) But RBI currency already fraud & Devaluate.
    So, Do’nt Sleep My Dear
    WAITING FOR FREEDOM
    National Government of Azad Hind
    Jawahar Bag,Mathura,United Province of India-281001

  9. Subhash Chandra Bose travelled from Kolkata to Germany via Afghanistan and Russia. From Germany came to Penang (Malaysia). From Penang to Singapore then through Malaysia and Thailand to Burma. Finally to Taiwan…. Rest not clear till he died.

    I read about Subhash Bose in 1982 in Anandomela gifted by my late Boromama and NaniAmma.
    I visited places like Singapore (INA monument and Cathay Theatre), Penang (George Town and Fort Corwalis), Bangkok, Kanchanapuri (bridge on the river Kwai),Kolkata (Elgin Road home of Netaji).I travelled by train from Singapore to Kualalumpur thrice.
    I rode train over the Kanchanapuri bridge.

    Now got plan to visit Yangon and visit the grave of Bahadur Shah, last emperor of India. Subhash Bose visited this place in 1944 perhaps.

    Someday plan to visit Afghanistan, Russia and Germany to follow the trails of the great Bengali Subhas Bose, my life time hero.

  10. Is she really the daughter of Netaji Bose ? Is Nataji married Emilie or whatever in 1937?? Then why netaji filled that he is single in the Visa application for China in Dec 1939 ?? Why then Emilie & Anita where getting money from Indian politicians starting 1952/53/54 ?? Why it is said that Anita was adopted by Emilie after Anita’s real mother died after her birth? Then in that case how come Anita become’s daughter of Netaji bose???

    I am confused…oh god tell me the truth..!!!

  11. 35 years have passed by and we still believe that we witnessed a relevant event in the history of India. After all this time we keep on wondering:

    Why Indira Gandhi’s government did not allow that man’s cremation.
    Why his corpse had been kept in sawdust and ice inside a crate for 2 or 3 months.
    Why his cremation was permitted only after elections had taken place.
    Why so many military were present at the cremation.
    Why Sursh Padhye attended the cremation at Rishikesh.
    Why the presence of foreigners at the event caused suprise and why they were taken for journalists.
    Why all governments have somethng to hide.
    Why….?
    Why….?
    Does truth exist?

    Once again, we willing offer our testimony if it were of any use to clarify the truth.

    Yours sincerely, juanma indo

  12. To whom it may concern

    In June 1977, after having been travelling in India for several months, we
    arrived in Rishikesh in the morning of 18th April (according to notes from
    our diary).

    As we approached the town, we saw a big funeral pyre ready for cremation on
    the stony banks of the Ganges. We had already seen a lot of cremations while
    in India, so it was not the pyre itself that surprised us but rather the fact
    that there were quite a number of heavily armed police cars at a discrete
    distance. A small group of people gathered around the funeral pyre, which had
    not been set on fire yet.

    Driven by curiosity, we got nearer and a few of the people standing around
    soon hurried to ask us if we were journalists and wondered how come we had
    heard of this event. We made it clear that we were just tourists. Then, when
    they saw our cameras, they were very eager that we should take photographs,
    for we were about to witness an event of historical relevance to India.

    Next to the pyre there was a big wooden box full of sawdust and ice. The
    corpse of a dark skinned old man had already been placed on top of the pyre.
    Someone who seemed to be the most important man amongst those gathered there
    introduced himself as Suresh Padhye and gave us his address in Amravat, in
    Maharashtra (we enclose photograph taken right there).

    He explained to us that:

    It was the corpse of Chandra Bose, founder of INA (he told us briefly about
    the INA, of which we knew nothing), who had died a few months earlier
    somewhere on the Indian Himalayas, where he had lived in hiding and
    meditation. The Indian authorities had refused to give permission for a
    public cremation for fear of revolt and demostrations, mainly on account of
    the upcoming elections at the time. Later, once the elections were over,
    permission was granted on condition that it was carried out privately and
    under police surveillance. The corpse had been kept in sawdust and ice for
    those months. When we got nearer to take some photos, as requested, we could
    truly notice the very strong smell. They insisted on having photos taken of
    the corpse’s prominent forehead, because that seemed to be one of his
    outstanding features.

    In a moment, the cremation followed its course and the skull could be seen;
    one of those gathered there bathed in the river following the ritual. Then he
    cracked the skull with a long cane he had dipped in the Ganges and greased
    with ghee. There came an elderly woman who started wailing and writhing on
    the ground, for a moment it looked as if she were about to throw herself into
    the pyre. Then she bathed in the river with her clothes on and left the way
    she had come.

    This is an account of what we saw and wrote down in our travelling diary that
    day.

    That was 1977, as we already mentioned. In those days we didn’t know who to
    tell about it. Now, we have entered the web and clicked on Chandra Bose out
    of curiosity, where we have been surprised at the vast number of items on his
    person and mysterious disappearance, the air crash in Taipeh and so on.

    On reading about the existence of the MUCKHERJEE COMMISSION for the research
    into the end of Netaji Chandra Bose, we have decided to let you know about
    our experience concerning that cremation. We keep the photographs taken
    there, which may be interesting for your research.

    Looking forward to hearing from you,

    juanma indo

    san pedro 22

    pasaia 20110 gipuzkoa

    SPAIN

  13. Japan sold Netaji and Netaji dummy to British;
    In WW-I, Japan was an ally of British. Before WW-II, Japan-US trade war and political war started, this led to actual war between US and Japan. So British became an enemy to Japan by diplomatic manipulation as US – British alliance was there. After WW-II, Japan revived their old connection with British via spies. Japanese and British spies were enough linked before WW-II. Japanese spies agreed to eliminate Netaji. Motive was to appease the British and purchase security for Japan royal family. Thus, Japan sold Netaji to British and British eliminated him. The false news of air crash was Japan’s fabrication. In any controversial case, liar is to be suspected first.
    Netaji’s plan to start second independence war with the help of USSR was known to Japan. There was enough scope for British and Japanese spies to develop a common minimum program against pro-communist agenda of Netaji. Why should Japanese imperialism agree to patronize emergence of independent India as a permanent communist ally? Is it not more logical to fulfill British condition and purchase favor? Why Japan royal family was not tried as a war criminal? What is the mystery behind this favor?
    There is another point about gumnami baba. Who was he? Gumnami baba was a dummy created as a part of common minimum program of Japanese imperialism and British imperialism. In axis camp, creation of dummy by plastic surgery was a common practice. Hitler and Mussolini were having number of dummies. Japan sold Netaji-dummy to British. British deputed this dummy at faizabad of Uttar Pradesh, with a purpose to create confusion that as if Netaji’s death or life is doubtful. The confusion prevented the nation to be doubtful about role of Japan or British. So gumnami baba of faizabad is a common creation of Japanese spies and British spies. Never had he told the truth. If he had told anything, that must be lie. In a controversial case, liar is to be suspected. So, Japan sold Netaji to British and British executed him in secret. Japan sold Netaji-dummy to British and British deputed him at faizabad of Uttar-Pradesh. Japan surrendered to US-UK side on 15th august 1945. Netaji’s last flight was on 18th august 1945. A surrendered Japan was no longer an ally of azad hind. They worked as per their new mentors, the British.

    • This is conspiracy theory. Where is your documentation?

    • Mr Guin you are a genius . From where you got all these information. Now a days there are lot of people in the ciber space who give lot of bullshit and behave as if they know every thing. They are there to confuse the masses. Where from you got this information. Is it based on some document ? Can you please provide the link / document# and in which archive it is available? From a story part it is hilarious and good joke. Good try..keep it up to entertain Indians..

  14. netaji is a great politician of indian politics..he is a fighter. . We r all love u subhash chandra bose..plz come back ..we r waiting for you

  15. Sarvesh Tiwary has made some research on Subhas Chandra Bose. Please have a look at them, Swamiji
    Here is the link :http://bharatendu.com/?s=subhas+chandra+bose

    • Yes, this is a very interesting and detailed analysis. I note the quote of Sita Ram Goel:

      “The basic and the big mistake made by the national leadership was that it could not conceive of a native nationalism which would march ahead under its own impetus even if the Muslims were reluctant to participate in it or remained hostile to it. The national leadership was all along in a hurry to bargain with the British on the basis of Hindu-Muslim unity, and consequently failed to give sufficient thought and attention to the consolidation of genuine nationalist forces. The residues of Islamic imperialism spotted this weakness of the national leadership very soon, and exploited it to the hilt. Their price for co-operation went on soaring in direct proportion to the nationalist solicitation for it.”

      As an observer with no special knowledge of Indian politics, I have often wondered why Indian nationalists were never able or interested to formulate an ideology of “native nationalism” rather than slavishly copy the political (and sometimes racist) ideologies of Europe of the early 20th century. They all became socialists of one degree or another. It is as if the vast body of Hindu thought at their command had nothing to say to the desire for political independence from England. And this seems true even today, especially in Tamil Nadu where outdated Christian missionary race theories still underpin Dravidian politics.

  16. We must not loose sight of those millions who suffered both loss of life and property in partition drama. Secondly West has been using Pak as a bulworker against India. Pak has thrust multiples of wars against India including the massacre in Bangladesh. Is it non violence of Gandhi? Could you then blame Netaji for his approach. As I have admonished a fellow a day earlier that you die only once in your life time. Today’s Indians are dying everyday. Gandhi cannot be exonerated without censoring him?

    • My view is that Gandhi did immense harm to both Hinduism and to newly independent India. He was both anglicised and christianised and hardly Indian at all except for his dress. He forced Netaji out of the Congress presidency in order to get Nehru in. We now know this was a disaster for independent India.

      There is a line in the Gita which reads:

      Ahimsa paramo dharmaha, dharma himsa tathaiva cha. Non-violence is the greatest dharma, so to is all righteous violence.

      So it is really a question of discrimination, of knowing what to do in a particular circumstance, not just a matter of non-violence.

      It is also true that that Gandhi did not get India her independence. The British were exhausted after the Second World War and realised after the Royal Navy mutiny in Bombay that they couldn’t hold India by force any longer. So they made as much political mischief as possible by arranging the partition of the country and then got out as fast as they could.

      But I don’t blame the British entirely. For every Englishman in the country there were a hundred Jai Chands and Mir Jafars to assist him in his empire-building because it served their own self interest.

      It is exactly the same today in New Delhi even if it is only one foreigner who is leading the gang of Congress traitors.

      • “But I don’t blame the British entirely. For every Englishman in the country there were a hundred Jai Chands and Mir Jafars to assist him in his empire-building because it served their own self interest.

        “It is exactly the same today in New Delhi even if it is only one foreigner who is leading the gang of Congress traitors.”

        I am in agreement with you except that Brits committed treachery in the first place for which they had no business. I agree that Indians are themselves responsible for themselves.

        In one of my post, I had said that sex and religion are two such intoxications that no human being is exempt from its onslaught. I am in the middle of my article on these great Indians. Brand Italy has not been idealist. I only hope that we do not have another one from Colombia! Good Lord deliver us.

  17. IS, you are a fantastic person. You sent us the story by George only a day before and you have now done this Anita’s story which totally contradicts him.

    Netaji is certainly a most venerable personality for me. Gandhi and Netaji were two divergent personalities with one common aim of free India from British.

    I am certainly not an admirer of Gandhiji. To my mind, he crippled the mind and soul of India by his controversial non violence approach. It is a matter of interpretation. But I do not agree that it was a very peaceful transition as over trumpeted by British to save their own skin from international contempt. Gandhi was used and abused both at home and abroad.

    Netaji was quite right in his approach. Jinnah massacred lacs of Hindus in his direct action. What did Gandhi do? He pampered him. This is cowardice. Then Jinnah said, “Muslims cannot live with Hindus yet Gandhi was prepared to accept him as first PM. This is no politics and a sign of great statemanship. There are much more darker side of this great nt Gandhi which the poor Hindus are paying price for.

    Today word Hindu has become a despised thing both at home and outside. Who is responsible for it – Gandhi has to share the burden of both praise and calumny as the controversial Father.

    I am sorry I do not believe in blind worship. He and Nehru duo are the two names of common sin that the people in this subcontinent are paying the price for no fault of them. Good Lord deliver us…???

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